Omwe anali ma Jail breakers tsopano akugwira ntchito yachitetezo cha ogwiritsa ntchito a iOS

chitetezo cha apulo

Kwa zaka pafupifupi khumi, magulu owononga mapulogalamu ndi mapulogalamu akhala akugwira ntchito mwakhama kuti asokoneze pulogalamu ya Apple ya Apple kuti alowetse zatsopano, mitu, ndi mapulogalamu. Tsopano, gulu lotsogozedwa ndi omwe adayamba kupanga ndende ngati Will Strafach, wotchedwanso "Chronic", ndi Joshua Hill, wotchedwa "P0sixninja", akugwira ntchito kuti ateteze nsanja yam'manja ya Apple. Awiriwo, pamodzi ndi mndandanda wa omwe sanatchulidwe mayina omwe adapanga ma jailbreak, akhala akugwira ntchito papulatifomu yatsopano yapadziko lonse lapansi kuti ateteze zida za iOS, zamabizinesi ndi ogula chimodzimodzi. Pulatifomu yatsopanoyi imadziwika kuti "Apollo", chitetezo choyamba kuchokera ku kampani yake yatsopano yochokera ku Sudo Security Group.

Pakufunsidwa patelefoni Strafach adafunsidwa mafunso osiyanasiyana, funso loyamba ndi loti ndani angakhale ndi chidwi ndi pempholi: chifukwa chiyani opanga ma jailbreak angakhulupirire zida zachitetezo? Monga Strafach adalongosolera, iye ndi gulu lake mwina amadziwa zambiri zamaganizidwe amkati mwa iOS ndi nsanja zina zoyenda kuposa gulu lina lililonse la opanga, kupatula Apple, chifukwa chodziwa kusewera ndi kernel ya makina opangira.

“Tikudziwa dongosolo la iOS mkati ndi kunja kuyambira zaka zomwe takhala tikugwiritsa ntchito zida zotsikira ndikuwona momwe zinthu zimagwirira ntchito. Tikudziwa malo ofooka omwe tiyenera kuyang'anitsitsa, tikudziwa kuti ziphuphu zatsekedwa ndipo zitha kukhala pachiwopsezo m'njira zomwe sizinaganiziridwepo, "atero a Strafach, ndikuwonjezera kuti gulu lake" lapatsidwa ntchito yofananira yolingalira momwe mungapangire zinthu bwino kuposa kungoganiza momwe mungapangire kuti zinthu ziwonongeke.

Pulatifomu ya Apollo, monga Strafach akufotokozera, itha kugawidwa m'magulu awiri: gwiritsani ntchito bizinesi ndi ogula ntchito. Tiyeni tiyambe ndi pulogalamu yamakampani. Makampani ambiri akuluakulu amagwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu yoyang'anira mafoni, yotchedwa "MDM" ntchito, kuyang'anira ma iPhones kapena iPads ambiri, mwachitsanzo, omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi omwe akuwagwirira ntchito. Mwachitsanzo, Apple imapereka chida chake, pomwe kutsogolera opanga mapulogalamu ali ndi yankho lawo lotchedwa AirWatch.

Chotsatira cha Apollo chimayang'ana kwambiri zachitetezo: Pamlingo wapamwamba, pulogalamuyi imagwiritsa ntchito ntchito yakumbuyo yotchedwa "The Guardian" iyo aone mapulogalamu omwe adaikidwa pa iPhone wogwiritsa ntchito kuti awone ngati mapulogalamuwa akuphatikizira nambala iliyonse yomwe ingabise zambiri za ogwiritsa ntchito, jekeseni pulogalamu yaumbanda, kuyeserera koyambira, imelo yabodza, ndi kufooketsa chitetezo cha fayilo. Makamaka, Strafach adagawana mndandanda wotsatira wofufuza zachitetezo chomwe Apollo amatha kuchitira antchito omwe amabweretsa zida zawo pakampani:

  • Kutulutsa kwadzidzidzi (mwadala kapena chifukwa chamalumikizidwe osatetezeka)
  • Kulumikizana ndi ma seva mdera losaloledwa / lovomerezeka
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito ma API achinsinsi
  • Kuyesa kwakanema kuyesera kuchokera kumagwero osatetezeka
  • Makhalidwe okayikira omwe angafunike kuti asinthidwe kachiwiri

Ntchitoyi ilinso ndi mndandanda wazitali wazachitetezo champhamvu. pazida zoperekedwa kwa ogwira ntchito, osabwera ndi ogwira ntchito ku kampani:

  • Zolemba zoyera za App ndi mindandanda yakuda
  • Tsekani zida momwe zingafunikire, kusanja kutengera gulu laogwiritsa kapena ogwiritsa ntchito payekha
  • Thandizani mapulogalamu, monga App Store, mauthenga, ndi zina zambiri.
  • Khutsani mawonekedwe amachitidwe monga: zithunzi, kusinthitsa deta, ndi zina zambiri.
  • Zosefera pazatsamba
  • Kuyang'anira kwambiri zochitika zapaintaneti
  • Kukhazikitsa loko kwa Wothandizira - Osasintha chilichonse chogwiritsa ntchito kampani kukhala ID ya Apple
  • Kuyang'aniridwa kwapadera kwaumbanda
  • Letsani kuchotsa MDM yathu ndi pulogalamu yoteteza zida - Ngakhale kubwezeretsanso / "DFU Kubwezeretsa")
  • Kuchotsa deta kwathunthu komwe kungachitike nthawi iliyonse
  • Pewani zida zakampani zomwe zatayika kapena kubedwa kuti zisagwiritsidwenso ntchito

 

Mukugwiritsa ntchito kwa ogula, atha kukhala okhoza kupanga za kuwonjezera zofufuza zothandiza m'njira yofananira ndi App Store. Koma pali zinthu zina zomwe sizingatheke kuma API ololedwa, monga aliyense amadziwa. Ma MDM Enterprise APIs amakulolani kuti mupeze zambiri kuposa momwe ma App Store APIs amalola, chifukwa chake agwiritsa ntchito izi kuti athandizenso ogwiritsa ntchito. Kampaniyo ikufuna kuti deta ikhale yotetezeka komanso kuti ipeze zinsinsi zomwe sizingatuluke, kotero gawo la izi limaphatikizapo kugwiritsa ntchito makina oyeserera owerengera kuti zitsimikizire kuti mapulogalamu ena olowa sadzayikidwa pazida. Awonjezeranso kuwunika komwe makampani sangasamalire kwambiri, koma kuti wogwiritsa ntchitoyo atha kuchita zachinsinsi, monga ntchito zomwe zimatumiza komwe amakhala kapena jenda kwa otsatsa.

Strafach akuti kampani yake ikukonzekera yambitsani dongosolo lazamalonda mkati mwa theka loyamba la 2016. Oyendetsa ndege apadera ndi pulogalamu yaulere ya ogula ya beta ipezeka posachedwa.


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