Momwe Pegasus amagwirira ntchito komanso momwe mungadziwire ngati mwatenga kachilomboka

owononga

Pegasus ndiye mawu omveka. The kuthyolako chida kupeza deta yonse pa iPhone kapena Android foni yamakono ndi nkhani muzofalitsa zonse. Zimagwira ntchito bwanji? Kodi ndingadziwe bwanji ngati ndili ndi kachilomboka? Timakuuzani zonse pansipa.

Pegasus ndi chiyani?

Pegasus ndi chida chowonera pa smartphone yanu. Titha kuziyika ngati "kachilombo ka HIV" kuti tonse timvetsetse, zomwe siziwononga foni yanu, sizimayambitsa chilichonse kuti zichotsedwe kapena zisagwire ntchito, koma m'malo mwake. ali ndi mwayi wopeza deta yanu yonse ndikutumiza kwa aliyense amene adayika kachilomboka pafoni yanu. Chida ichi chapangidwa ndi NSO Group, kampani ya Israeli yomwe imagulitsa chida ichi kuti akazonde anthu. Inde, ndizosavuta, ndi kampani yodziwika bwino, yomwe aliyense amadziwa zomwe amachita komanso zomwe zimaloledwa ngakhale kuti pali chipwirikiti chomwe chakhala chikuzungulira kuyambira pomwe chinali kudziwika. Apple yapereka kale madandaulo otsutsa kampaniyi.

Kodi ndimayika bwanji Pegasus pafoni yanga?

Anthu nthawi zonse kulankhula za iPhones kachilombo Pegasus, koma zoona zake n'zakuti chida ichi imagwira ntchito pa iPhone ndi Android. Zolinga za chida ichi nthawi zambiri ndi andale apamwamba, atolankhani, otsutsa, otsutsa ... anthu omwe "ali ndi chidwi" ndi akazitape kuti azilamulira kayendetsedwe kawo ndikudziwa zonse zomwe amadziwa, ndipo anthu awa, chifukwa cha chitetezo, nthawi zambiri amagwiritsa ntchito iPhones, otetezeka kwambiri kuposa Android, koma motetezeka momwe ziliri, sizowonongeka.

Kuti Pegasus ayikidwe pa iPhone yanu simuyenera kuchita chilichonse. Kampani ya NSO yapanga chida chapamwamba kwambiri chomwe chimatha kulowa mufoni yanu osadina ulalo uliwonse kapena kutsitsa mapulogalamu aliwonse. Kuyimba kosavuta kwa WhatsApp kapena uthenga wotumizidwa pa foni yanu, osatsegula, kutha kukupatsani mwayi wopeza kazitape. Kuti muchite izi, gwiritsani ntchito zomwe zimatchedwa "zero day vulnerabilities", zolakwika zachitetezo zomwe wopanga mafoni sakuzidziwa ndipo chifukwa chake sangathe kukonza, chifukwa sadziwa nkomwe kuti zilipo. Kamodzi anaika, chirichonse, ine kubwereza, chirichonse pa iPhone wanu ali m'manja mwa amene amagwiritsa ntchito chida.

Apple idatulutsa kale zosintha miyezi yapitayo zomwe zidakonza zolakwika zingapo zachitetezo, koma Pegasus amapeza ena ndikupezerapo mwayi. Lero sitikudziwa zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito, komanso mafoni kapena mitundu ya OS yomwe ili pachiwopsezo cha chida chake cha akazitape. Tikudziwa kuti Apple imawakonza atangowapeza, koma tikudziwanso kuti padzakhala nsikidzi zomwe zidzapezeke ndikugwiritsidwa ntchito. Ndi masewera amuyaya amphaka ndi mbewa.

Ndani angagwiritse ntchito Pegasus?

Gulu la NSO likunena kuti chida chake chimangogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mabungwe a boma, ngati kuti izi ndi zotonthoza. Koma monga Tim Cook adanena pokambirana zokakamiza makampani kupanga "khomo lakumbuyo" lomwe lingapereke mwayi wopeza mafoni pakafunika, "khomo lakumbuyo la anyamata abwino ndilo khomo lakumbuyo la oipa." ". Chitonthozo chokhacho chomwe ife nzika zabwinobwino tili nacho ndikuti Pegasus sichipezeka kwa aliyense pazifukwa zachuma. Kugwiritsa ntchito chida ichi kwa munthu m'modzi kuli ndi mtengo wa pafupifupi 96.000 euros, ndiye sindikuganiza kuti mnzako kapena mlamu wako angagwiritse ntchito kuti akazonde foni yako.

Koma ndizodetsa nkhawa kuti aliyense adziwe kuti alipo chida chomwe chingatiyang'ane maola 24 pa tsiku, masiku 365 wa chaka pogwiritsa ntchito foni yamakono yathu, amadziwa zonse zomwe timachita, kuwona, kuwerenga, kumvetsera ndi kulemba. Ndani angatsimikizire kuti Pegasus sangagwere m'manja mwa ena omwe amagulitsa mtengo? Kapena kuti apezeke kwa aliyense kwaulere? Ndipo zomwe ndidakuuzani kumayambiriro kwa nkhaniyi, chodetsa nkhawa kwambiri ndikudziwa kuti kampani yomwe Pegasus adapanga ikhoza kuchita popanda chilango ndi chida chomwe chimaphwanya malamulo onse otheka.

Kodi ndingadziwe bwanji ngati ndili ndi kachilomboka?

Ngati mukufuna kudziwa ngati wina wayika Pegasus pafoni yanu, pali zida zodziwira ndipo ndi zaulere. Kumbali imodzi tili ndi pulogalamu yotseguka yopangidwa ndi Amnesty International ndipo mutha kutsitsa kuchokera ku GitHub (kulumikizana). Komabe, si mapulogalamu omwe aliyense angagwiritse ntchito chifukwa cha zovuta zake, kotero pali njira zina zosavuta komanso zopezeka kwa omwe alibe luso lapamwamba la makompyuta. Mwachitsanzo chida cha iMazing (kulumikizana), kutsitsa kwaulere, kumakupatsaninso mwayi kuti mudziwe ngati mwatenga kachilombo ka Pegasus. Imagwirizana ndi Windows ndi macOS ndipo ngakhale zina zake zimalipidwa, kuzindikira kwa Pegasus ndikwaulere.

Kodi ndingapewe bwanji kutenga kachilombo ka Pegasus?

Momwe zilili, ngati wina akufuna kukhazikitsa Pegasus pafoni yanu, palibe njira yozungulira. Koma mutha kuchitapo kanthu kuti muchepetse chiopsezocho kukhala chocheperako. Tikudziwa kuti pakhala pali nsikidzi zomwe zalola Pegasus kukhazikitsa popanda wogwiritsa ntchito, koma tikudziwanso kuti Apple ikutulutsa zigamba mosalekeza kuti ikonze zolakwikazo. Chinthu chabwino kwambiri ndikuti nthawi zonse mumasunga iPhone yanu kusinthidwa posachedwa. Ndikofunikiranso kuti musatsegule maulalo omwe sadziwika kwa inu, kapena kutsegula mauthenga ochokera kwa otumiza osadziwika kapena okayikitsa.

Pankhani yoyika mapulogalamu, pa iOS simungathe kukhazikitsa mapulogalamu kuchokera kunja kwa App Store. Ichi ndi chinthu chomwe panopa chikukambidwa ndi mabungwe ambiri monga European Commission, koma ndi njira yachitetezo yomwe imatiteteza ku zigawenga zakunja. Ngati nthawi iliyonse Apple ikakakamizika kutsegula makina ake ndikulola "kutsitsa" kapena kuyika mapulogalamu kuchokera kunja kwa sitolo yake, zoopsa zidzawonjezeka kwambiri.


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  1. Yoyang'anira deta: AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.