Kusiyanasiyana Kosiyanasiyana: tanthauzo lake pamasamba athu ndi tsogolo la makina ophunzirira

Kusiyanitsa Zachinsinsi

Kuti apikisane ndi omwe akupikisana nawo, Apple yayamba kubetcherana kwambiri pazanzeru zopangira. Google kapena Facebook alibe vuto losonkhanitsa ogwiritsa ntchito ndikuzindikira kuti amachita izi kuti akwaniritse makina awo anzeru ndi makina ophunzirira (Machine Learning), koma Apple saganiza chimodzimodzi; Cupertinos amasamala zachinsinsi chathu. Pachifukwachi, mu WWDC yomaliza adatiuza za Kusiyanitsa Zachinsinsi, makina anu osonkhanitsira deta, kukonza AI yanu, komanso nthawi yomweyo kuteteza zinsinsi zathu.

Makampani ena onse amafuna kudziwa ngati tili, zomwe timagula kapena momwe timagwiritsira ntchito kiyibodi, zomwe zikuphatikiza zomwe tikufuna, koma sizikuwoneka kuti izi zidadetsa nkhawa Apple, kampani yomwe, mu chiphunzitso, chilibe kanthu kochita ndi izo.chitani ndi zidziwitso za makasitomala anu: sagulitsa zotsatsa, koma zinthu zawo zokha. Tim Cook ndi kampani perekani zida zotetezeka kotero kuti ogwiritsa ntchito nawonso azikhala otetezeka, ndipo ndichinthu chomwe Apple safuna kusintha.

Kusiyanitsa Zachinsinsi zimafufuza zambiri, zimateteza munthuyo

Kusiyanitsa Zachinsinsi

Monga akatswiri ena mu Kuphunzira Makina Ndipo AI, vuto la Apple ndikuti ngati sichichita kanthu, padzakhala zaka zochepa kumbuyo kwa mpikisanowu zikafika kwa othandizira onse. Apa ndi pomwe Kusiyanitsa Zachinsinsi zomwe tidatiuzidwa kale zimayamba. WWDC. Craig Federighi adalongosola motere:

Kusiyanitsa Zachinsinsi ndimutu wofufuzira pankhani yazowerengera ndi kusanthula deta komwe kumagwiritsa ntchito ma algorithms, kusunthira ndi jekeseni wa phokoso kuti izi zitheke kuphunzira kuchokera kuzinthu zambiri kwinaku mukusunga zinsinsi za aliyense wogwiritsa ntchito zachinsinsi.

Kusiyanitsa Zachinsinsi osati kupangidwa kwa apulo. Akatswiri amaphunzira mfundoyi kwa zaka zambiri, koma kutulutsidwa kwa iOS 10, Apple iyamba kugwiritsa ntchito lingaliroli posonkhanitsa ndikusanthula deta kuchokera kwa ogwiritsa ntchito kiyibodi, Zowonekera, ndi Ndemanga.

Kusiyanitsa Zachinsinsi kumagwira kusanthula kwa algorithm kwachidziwitso chilichonse, kotero kuti munthuyo sangathe kuwongoleredwa atangosanthula deta ya ogwiritsa ntchito masauzande ambiri kuti atole zochitika zazikulu. Cholinga ndikuteteza wogwiritsa ntchitoyo ndi tsatanetsatane wa zomwe akupeza ndikupeza zambiri zomwe zingathandize kukonza makina

iOS 10 Idzasokoneza chidziwitso chathu mkati mwa chida chathu tisanatumize ambiri ku Apple, chifukwa chake sitidzatumiza mosatetezeka. Kumbali inayi, Apple sichisunga mawu aliwonse omwe timalemba ndi kiyibodi kapena zosaka zomwe timachita chifukwa, monga ndidanenera kale, sizikusowa. Anthu a Cupertino akuti achepetsa kuchuluka kwa zomwe angapeze kuchokera kwa aliyense wogwiritsa ntchito.

Apple idapereka zikalata zakukhazikitsa kwake Zosiyanasiyana Zachinsinsi kwa pulofesa Aaron Roth kuchokera ku University of Pennsylvania komanso pulofesa, yemwe mwina adalemba za Baibulo pazosiyanasiyana zachinsinsi (Algorithmic Foundations of Differential Privacy), ndipo adafotokoza ntchito ya Apple m'derali ngati "yopanga upainiya" kapena "yophulika".

Momwe Kusiyanitsa Zachinsinsi zimagwirira ntchito

zachinsinsi

Kusiyanitsa Zachinsinsi siukadaulo wapadera. Imeneyi ndi njira yosinthira deta yomwe pangani zoletsa kuti zidziwitso zisakhale zokhudzana ndi ogwiritsa ntchito konkire. Imalola kuti deta isanthulidwe yonse, koma imawonjezera phokoso kuzinthu, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti chinsinsi cha munthu sichimavutika nthawi yomweyo zomwe zimasinthidwa. Adam Smith akufotokoza motere:

Mwaukadaulo ndikutanthauzira masamu. Zimangolepheretsa njira zosiyanasiyana zomwe zingasinthidwe. Ndipo zimawalepheretsa m'njira yomwe singalole zambiri zazomwe zingagwirizane ndi gulu lililonse lazidziwitso.

Kumbali inayi, amayerekezera Kusiyanitsa Chinsinsi ndi kutha kusankha nyimbo yoyambira kuseri kwa phokoso lozungulira kuchokera pawailesi yoyipa bwino:

Mukamvetsetsa zomwe mukumva, ndikosavuta kunyalanyaza kusakhazikika. Chifukwa chake zili ngati zomwe zimachitika ndi munthu aliyense, simuphunzira zambiri kuchokera kwa m'modzi, koma chonsecho mutha kuwona mawonekedwe ake momveka bwino.

Smith amakhulupirira kuti Apple ndi kampani yoyamba kuyesera kugwiritsa ntchito Kusiyanasiyana Kwachinsinsi pamlingo waukulu. Makampani ena monga AT&T adachita maphunziro, koma sanayese kuligwiritsa ntchito.

Ndipo tsogolo la Artificial Intelligence?

Mtsutso wachinsinsi wa Silicon Valley nthawi zambiri umawunikidwa kudzera pakutsata malamulo, omwe amayang'anira chinsinsi komanso chitetezo chadziko. Kwa makampani, kutsutsana kuli pakati pazinsinsi ndi mawonekedwe. Zomwe Apple ayamba zitha kusintha mkanganowu.

Google ndi Facebook, pakati pa ena, ayesa kuthana ndi funso la momwe angaperekere zinthu zabwino ndizambiri zomwe zili zachinsinsi nthawi yomweyo. Ngakhale Allo, pulogalamu yapaintaneti yatsopano ya Google, kapena Facebook Messenger sizimapereka chinsinsi chomaliza chakumapeto chifukwa makampani onsewa amafunika kugwiritsa ntchito makina kuti apititse patsogolo makina awo ophunzitsira ndikuwathandiza kuti azigwira bwino ntchito. Apple ikufunanso kusonkhanitsa deta, koma sichichotsa fayilo ya iMessage kubisa kumapeto ndi kumapeto. Smith akuti kukhazikitsa kwa Apple kungapangitse makampani ena kusintha malingaliro awo.

Mwachidule, zikuwoneka kuti Apple yalimba mtima kugwiritsa ntchito makina omwe analipo kale omwe adzatolere deta kuchokera kwa anthu ambiri osaphwanya chinsinsi chathu. Kodi wina angakulembereni pa izi?


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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